Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation

Biomass Surveys | Grazing Behaviour | Forage Programmes | Flock Management & Health | Economic Studies | Local Knowledge | Publications

CBRR Team: Eng. Khalid Al-Khalidi, Dr. Mustafa Al-Shudeifat and Dr. Raed Al-Tabini



The RBG's CBRR programme was identified in 2012 as "one of the best ideas on the planet" by Katerva Award Council experts in global innovation, progress and ingenuity.


Meeting with the local communityThe Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation programme (CBRR) was introduced in 2007 to relieve grazing pressure on the Royal Botanic Garden, while optimizing the available range and maximizing biodiversity.

In the first year of the programme, five families in the local pastoral community were involved. In 2012, we now have 38 families participating.

When we started our work, we needed to be able to restore plant cover, conduct vegetation surveys and make biomass estimates at the Garden site, without animals continuing to graze there.

A local herderFaced with local opposition, we came up with a plan to supply replacement forage to the livestock owners who had habitually grazed the RBG site, in return for them withdrawing their flocks.

The CBRR initiative was well received. Livestock owners who once grazed the site down to bare earth are now policing themselves and others to protect the benefits they are reaping from the CBRR and the rapidly reviving ecosystem

Controlled grazing studies on RBG land are giving our range scientist the opportunity to conduct studies on palatability and browsing behaviour, to refine our understanding of the impact of grazing on specific plant species.

Local herders

While it may at first seem counterintuitive to allow grazing on land that is to be conserved, there is plentiful evidence that historically grazed habitats adapt and thrive under managed grazing.

Ultimately, the CBRR’s projects will be tailored to a variety of habitat types, and habitat-specific grazing protocols will be published for the region, that maximize both the biodiversity of a given range and the productivity of the animals grazing on it.

The essential points of the CBRR programme are as follows:

  • Monitor species diversity and vegetation change over time
  • Assist the pastoral community to improve productivity through better management
  • Assess the carrying capacity of the site and the long-term sustainability profile
  • Develop a grazing regime and supplemental forage to meet the sustainability profile
  • Balance herd sizes and carrying capacity
  • Diversify income streams for herding families
  • Gather and record local knowledge



Articles Published by the CBRR Team


Chemical Composition Analysis and Antimicrobial Screening of the Essential Oil of a Rare Plant from Jordan: Ducrosia flabellifolia
Mustafa Al-Shudiefat, Khalid Al-Khalidi, Ismail Abaza & Fatma U. Afifi
Taylor & Francis, October 2013.


Preferences of sheep, when supplemented, for forages in a Mediterranean rangeland management system
Raed Al-Tabini, Derek W. Bailey, Khalid Al-Khalidi & Mostafa Shodiafat,
Rangeland Journal, November 2013.


Economic Development and Biodiversity Gain with Local Community Cooperation 
Ismaiel Abuamoud, Raed Al-Tabini, Khalid Al-Khalidi & Mustafa Al-Shudiefat
Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, Vol. 4, No. 14, 2013.


Economic performance of small ruminant production in a protected area: a case study from Tal Al-Rumman, a Mediterranean ecosystem in Jordan
Khalid M Al-Khalidi, Amani A Alassaf, Mustafa F Al-Shudiefat & Raed J Al-Tabini
Journal of Agricultural and Food Economics, 1:8, 2013.


Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants commonly used by local Bedouins in the Badia region of Jordan
Oraib Nawash, M. Shudiefat, Raed Al-Tabini & Khalid Al-Khalidi
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 148, Issue 3, May 2013.


Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation: Addressing Food Security and Biodiversity Rehabilitation at the Royal Botanic Garden of Jordan 
Mustafa Al-Shudeifat, Habiba Dingwall & Khalid Al-Khalidi
BGJournal, pp 16-19, July 2013


Livestock, medicinal plants and rangeland viability in Jordan's Badia: through the lens of traditional and local knowledge
Raed Al-Tabini, Khalid Al-Khalidi & Mustafa Al-Shudiefat
Pastoralism Journal, May 2012


Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local Bedouins in the Badia region of Jordan
Khalid Al Khalidi, Mustafa Shudeifat, Raed Al Tabini & Oraib Nawash
Planta Medica: Journal of Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research, 2011


Medicinal plants of the Royal Botanic Garden site at Tal Al-Rumman in Jordan
Hatem Taifour, Oraib Nawash & Ali Al Damen
Planta Medica: Journal of Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research, 2011



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