Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation (CBRR)

Biomass Surveys | Grazing Behavior | Forage Programmes | Flock Management and Heath | Economic Studies and Herding | Local Knowledge | CBRR Info Day

Coordinators: Dr Mustafa Al Shudiefat, Eng Khalid Al-Khalidi 


The Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation programme (CBRR) was introduced in 2007 to relieve grazing pressure on the Royal Botanic Garden, while optimizing the available range and maximizing biodiversity.

In the first year of the programme, five local herding families were involved. In 2015, we reached up to 48 families participating.

When we started our work, we needed to be able to restore plant cover, conduct vegetation surveys and make biomass estimates at the Garden site, without animals continuing to graze there. 

Faced with local opposition, we came up with a plan to supply replacement forage to the livestock owners who had habitually grazed the RBG site, in return for them withdrawing their flocks.

The CBRR initiative was well received. Livestock owners who once grazed the site down to bare earth are now policing themselves and others to protect the benefits they are reaping from the CBRR and the rapidly reviving ecosystem.

Controlled grazing studies on RBG land are giving our range scientist the opportunity to conduct studies on palatability and browsing behaviour, to refine our understanding of the impact of grazing on specific plant species.

While it may at first seem counterintuitive to allow grazing on land that is to be conserved, there is plentiful evidence that historically grazed habitats adapt and thrive under managed grazing.
Ultimately, the CBRR’s projects will be tailored to a variety of habitat types, and habitat-specific grazing protocols will be published for the region, that maximize both the biodiversity of a given range and the productivity of the animals grazing on it.

The essential points of the CBRR programme are as follows:

• Monitor species diversity and vegetation change over time
• Assist the herding community to improve productivity through better management
• Assess the carrying capacity of the site and the long-term sustainability profile
• Develop a grazing regime and supplemental forage to meet the sustainability profile
• Balance herd sizes and carrying capacity
• Diversify income streams for herding families
• Gather and record local knowledge

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