Cyclamen persicum ~ Cyclamen

Cyclamen persicum ~ Cyclamen

زعمطوط،  بخور مريم

Family: PRIMULACEAE

Perennial herb, with a large underground tuber, 5-15 cm in diameter

Leaves: solitary, long petiolate, cordate, thick, with finely toothed margins; lower surface purple; upper surface green, often with white areas

Flowers: pink-mauve, solitary, long pedicellate, 3-4 cm long, converted, showy
Flowering: November-April

Habitat: Shady mountains and forest, in Irbid, Ajloun, Jarash, Salt, Amman, Karak and Tafila


Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous geophyte (perennial growing from an underground tuber) in the Primulaceae family which occurs throughout the Levant, Turkey, and North Africa. It is suspected that the population in North Africa may have been brought by religious monks.

It grows in a variety of habitats from woodland, scrub, to garigue, to rocky outcrops, and can be found from sea level up to 1200 m in elevation.

Flowers can be white, soft pink, or cerise. Depending on the weather, Cyclamen persicum can bloom anytime from November to early May.

Cyclamen persicum is a truly Mediterranean climate plant. Leaves emerge with the first autumn rains followed by flowers, and summer dormancy starts with the beginning of warm dry weather.  

 



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